Published On: Thu, May 5th, 2016

MOFA is scrapped/ Repealed by RERA

law1By Dr Sanjay Chaturvedi, LLB, PhD

The Maharashtra Ownership Flats (Regulation of the Promotion of Construction, Sale, Management and Transfer) Act, 1963, popularly known as MOFA was repealed by section 56 of Maharashtra Housing (Regulation & Development) Act 2012 which came into force on 6th Sept 2015.

And then The central Act : Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act 2016 have repealed the Maharashtra Housing (Regulation & Development) Act under section 92 which came into force from 1st May 2016.

Now many of my friend were under the impression that MOFA is still prevailing. Let us visit General Clause Act Section 6 :

Effect of repeal. ?Where this Act, or any 1 [Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, repeals any enactment hitherto made or hereafter to be made, then, unless a different intention appears, the repeal shall not?

(a) revive anything not in force or existing at the time at which the repeal takes effect; or
(b) affect the previous operation of any enactment so repealed or anything duly done or suffered thereunder; or
(c) affect any right, privilege, obligation or liability acquired, accrued or incurred under any enactment so repealed; or
(d) affect any penalty, forfeiture or punishment incurred in respect of any offence committed against any enactment so repealed; or
(e) affect any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment as aforesaid, and any such investigation, legal proceeding or remedy may be instituted, continued or enforced, and any such penalty, forfeiture or punishment may be imposed as if the repealing Act or Regulation had not been passed.
The General Cluse Act says that an Act once repealed cannot come into force automatically. Suppose Act Z was repealed / scrapped by Act Y and Act Y was repealed by Act X. Hence Act Z cannot come to life automatically unless a separate provision or Act is passed to revive it.
The Maharashtra Act which repealed MOFA had condition for MOFA repeal :
Provided that, the repeal shall not affect,— (a) the previous operation of the law so repealed or anything duly done or suffered thereunder, or (b) any right, privilege, obligation or liability acquired, accrued or incurred under the law so repealed, or (c) any penalty, forfeiture or punishment incurred in respect of any offence committed against the law so repealed, or (d) any investigation, proceedings, legal proceedings or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment as aforesaid; and any such investigation, proceedings, legal proceedings or remedy may be instituted, continued or enforced and any such penalty, forfeiture or punishment may be imposed as if this Act has not been passed : Provided further that, subject to the preceding proviso and any saving provisions made elsewhere in this Act, anything done or any action taken under the provisions of the law so repealed shall, in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act; and shall continue to be in force accordingly unless and until superseded by anything done or any action taken under this Act. (2) Any reference in any law or in any instrument or other document to the provisions of the law so repealed shall, unless a different intention appears, be construed as a reference to the corresponding provisions of this Act.
Which means all cases, right, interest and liabilities incurred during the MOFA’s period will be in offing and all courts and agreements will adhere to MOFA provisions for transactions entered into during MOFA’s period.
Hence, MOFA is scrapped / repealed by Maharashtra Housing Act and Maharashtra Housing Act is repealed by Central Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act 2016 since 1st May 2016.
Henceforth, all matters will be treated under central Act. Even Article 254 says that in case of confusion as to Act enacted by Center and State on the same subject, then Central Act will prevail and will have supremacy on state Act.

 

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  1. autonomous says:

    Could you please upload a copy of the 6th Sept 2015 notification

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