By Nimisha Gupta
Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Planning Board recommended considering a twin city across facilitates the separation of greater Mumbai and CIDCO was entrusted with developing necessary social and physical infrastructure. Fortyone
years later, CIDCO has carved out an eminent nest of planned, sustain and self sufficient inhabitation, out of a common,
undeveloped expanse of 344 sq. km. which was once a marshy sanctuary to salt pans and paddy fields.”
Q1. What is much talked status of Navi Mumbai Airport? How much it has progressed and what is the deadline to start it?
Ans. Navi Mumbai International Airport, a prestigious project for CIDCO and Navi Mumbai, is a dream that has been realised with major clearances being achieved. Environment and CRZ Clearance from MoEF, Defence Clearance from MoD, ‘In-principle’ approval from State and Central Government were obtained earlier. Out of three balance clearances, Clearance from Hon’ble Bombay High Court was depended upon Forest Clearance and Zone Clearance for area falling near Karnala Bird Sanctuary, which were recently obtained. Subsequently, CIDCO is now approached to Hon’ble High Court with necessary documents and results are soon expected. The major decision still to be finalised is related to the land acquisition and rehabilitation and resettlement of the PAP – regarding these decision, discussion is being carried out at State Government level and post consultation with Hon’ble CM a decision will be finally taken.
CIDCO has been appointed as Special Planning Authority for the Navi Mumbai Airport Influence Notified Area (NAINA) by the Government of Maharashtra. Currently the preparation and publication of the Development Plan is in progress, CIDCO has established a separate office at the Belapur Railway Station Complex from where permission for Building Plans, Zonal Certificates etc would be issued.
Q2. How much CIDCO has made affordable housing? What is your future Plans?
Ans. Apart of job opportunities were the driving force behind Navi Mumbai’s success, the availability of affordable better quality houses was the biggest incentive. To accommodate a population of 2 million, assuming a family size of five, 400,000 houses needed to be built. CIDCO framed its housing policy incorporating self-financing principle using land as a prime resource in development of housing sector to meet the fast growing demand for all sections of society. The primary objective was to make the land affordable to all income groups and to allow all land-uses. Households in Navi Mumbai are divided into various income categories, especially for the purpose of housing calculation (EWS is the economically weaker section, LIG is low-income group, MIG is the middle income group, and HIG is the high-income group.) This is being used to achieve cross subsidization. The higher income groups would pay a surcharge for housing, which would subsidize housing for the lower income groups. CIDCO decided to use a maximum surcharge of 15% on housing for highest income to compensate for a maximum subsidy of 45% to lowest income groups. Between 1970 and 1990, CIDCO was prime supplier of fully constructed affordable houses under conventional approach to the EWS, LIG, MIG and to some extent HIG. This has facilitated the faster development of Navi Mumbai and also helped people to own a house either on hire purchase basis or on self financing basis. Till date, CIDCO had constructed about 123, 577 of housing stock in the city, out of which 50% of housing was reserved for EWS/LIG, while 27% was reserved for MIC and 23% for HIG. The emphasis was on providing affordable housing for EWS / LIG and 11,000 units were constructed under SS I, II and III.
CIDCO has encouraged participation of private sector in the provision of housing. This is by way of tendered plots to individuals and developers, allotment of land to housing co-operative, row house and bungalow plots. Mass Housing Schemes are another way of partnership, where reputed planning consultants have designed the schemes that were supervised by the Project Management Consultants.
Q3. When you create a new node how the infrastructure is look upon as Ulwe, Kalamboli areas lack transport?
Ans.For nodes such as Ulwe, Kalamboli which are on the verge of development, detailed development plan had been prepared by CIDCO’s Planning Department. All the development activities such as erection of physical infrastructure, transport infrastructure are being carried out based on this plan. While drafting development plan, CIDCO has always considered present as well as future needs of such nodes. Hierarchy of roads, development of internal roads, flyovers, connection to highways is maintained and these nodes will well connected with other developed nodes.
Q4. What is the policy of CIDCO to allot plot to private developers?
Ans.As per CIDCO’s policy and the rules and regulations framed for disposal of land i.e. NMDLR, all the plots of different uses are allotted through tendering procedure. CIDCO used to float different schemes of leasing out various plots time to time with defined time schedule. And the plot is allotted to the highest eligible bidder for which he had applied.
Q5. At Present how much construction node wise is going on?
Ans.As per CIDCO’s construction rules and regulations, i.e. GDCR for Navi Mumbai, for every development a time frame is decided and it is mandatory to complete the development within this time frame. General Period given for construction is 6 months from the date of allotment. Construction work on plots allotted in last five years is in progress. Also residential development on the plots allotted under 12.5% scheme are also in progress.
Q6. What is the policy to allot land to educational institutions?
Ans.Provision of schools and colleges was a priority in the planning of Navi Mumbai. The nodes (townships) were designed to provide one primary school per 5000 population, one high school for 12,500 population and one college for 50,000 population. Each of the nodes is self-sufficient in terms of providing quality education. Students are given access to various syllabi, including the State Education Board, CBSE and ICSE patterns. Other than this CIDCO encouraged private institutions also. Minimum standards for building construction were developed by CIDCO.
The educational facilities are categorized into three major divisions i.e. (i) Schools (ii) Arts Science & Commerce Jr. & Sr. College as well as vocational courses and (iii) Other higher educational courses. In addition to schools the Corporation has leased 55 plots of comprising area of 60.58 ha. for higher educational Institutes and due to the verity of facilities available here many students from outside are attracted to pursue their education in Navi Mumbai. The Corporation vide resolution No.9696 Dtd 26.09.2007 has adopted the policy to lease plots for social facility which has been approved by Govt.vide Govt.order Dt. CID-3307/ 805 / PK 80 / 07 / NV-10,Dt.05/09/2007.
Q7. What is the status of the city bus service?
Ans. At present, five bus services are operational in Navi Mumbai i.e. NMTC, TMT, BEST, KDMC, MSRTC. Well-planned bus terminals/depots have been provided in the various nodes for the operation of inter-city and intra-city buses by CIDCO. Bus stands have also been provided at all railway stations for commuters. Bus ‘Q’ shelters have been constructed on major bus routes to provide safety and convenience to the bus commuters. Thirteen bus terminals and three depots are developed in Navi Mumbai to facilitate the operation of bus transport services.
Operational activities are handled independently by concerned transport agencies and decisions regarding additional routes, changes in routes, additional bus service/bus stops etc. are taken by them. Special surveys are carried out to fulfill demands of citizens of Navi Mumbai regarding bus services.