By Accommodation Times (www.accommodationtimes.com)
The Ministry of Environment and Forests had issued guidelines for removal of sand in the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) area of rivers/estuaries by manual methods by traditional communities. The procedure to be followed inter-alia include constitution of a Seven Member Committee including a representative of local community under the chairmanship of concerned District Collector who will make recommendations for permitting the quantity of sand to be removed for given period avoiding ecologically sensitive areas.
The Ministry has received requests from some State Governments including Goa for removal of sand in CRZ areas. Based on this request, the guidelines referred in parts (a) and (b) of the question.
The violations in the CRZ regulations are dealt with under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, which is enforced by the concerned State/Union Territory Coastal Zone Management Authorities.