By Accommodation Times News Service
The central government is taking the Singapore model of development planning for the cities which is drafted for 30-35 years. The experts and urban planners have supported the initiative saying that the current development planning process for urban areas has become obsolete. This plan will help cities like Pune, Navi Mumbai etc for a better planning and expands.
In a seminar the ministry of Urban Development (UD) said, the urban development planning process should be redefined as there is a huge infrastructure deficit in the country which would need 1.2 trillion USD. Adding further he said, urban planning should extend up to least 30-50 years as compared to the current 10-20 years. He said, short term planning is a very important part of long term planning. The government has stressed the importance of a long-term strategic urban planning for emergence of new cities, not only in the specific context of municipal limits, but encompassing the regional perspective, that is, suburbanization.
The government has insisted on the need for efficient use of land resources. According to the government’s own observations, unlike Singapore, and many other developed cities, India uses its land inefficiently as the Floor Space Index (FSI) permitted is below international standards.
Present there the urban planner Ramchandra Gohad, The development planning process has to be modified. Under the provisions of section 38 of Maharashtra Region & Town Planning (MR&TP) Act 1966, at least once in 20 years from the date on which a development plan has come in to operation, the planning authority can revise it. It is high time that growing cities like Pune have two plans-long and short-term-for integrated developments that match with the fast growth of the city.
In the state, the MR&TP act provides a three-tier planning process; a regional plan, a development plan and a town planning scheme. In the development plan, the local civic administration which is implementing authority, earmarks available land in the city for public amenities like gardens, hospitals, schools, roads and footpaths based on the population of an area.
The development plan lays out policies and proposals for development and use of land. It is meant to guide decisions on whether development permission should be granted under the development control rules. The decisions must be consistent and match the development plan adopted by the authority after public consultation.
However, according to urban planners a DP has no meaning if it takes long for implementation. DPs are often passed 15-20 years after the deadline and a city’s character may completely change by the time it is finally approved.
The two-level planning, he said, will help expedite the actual implementation of projects and the civic body could amend the plan according to changing needs.