By Pallavi Khanna
Considering the Mumbai’s population growth, the demand for land is increasing ever since and if Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) is restricting the growth of this international city. Tie and again many, who have been aggrieved are facing acute problem for developments. Out of total area 437sqkm, 133sqkm is in CRZ I, 100sqkm is in CRZ II, and 25 sq km is in CRZ III. Still, the land starved Mumbai is not having any relaxation in the CRZ norms.
Hotels in Juhu and Versova cannot execute their expansion programme neither Esselworld could expand because of CRZ. World over such environmental law are not with such a restriction. In Japan an Airport is floating on the water. Dubai is having massive construction plans for Palm Jumeriah Island on the sea.
Despite the fact that solid waste disposal is not allowed in CRZ but Mumbai needs to disposal 6000 tones of solid waste per day. The missing links of the DP road prior to 1991 are not permitted & therefore transportation problem has become acute. Almost 134 slum pockets and 30 slum schemes are held up because of such restriction. Now MOEF’S approval for projects in CRZ is exceeding to 5 crores which needs amendment, since Central Government approval are time consuming, the regulation needs urgent attention.
Development of Salt Pan lands in CRZ I, II, and III is almost 60% of the total area which is 2177 acres. The land can be used for development but because of CRZ, it cannot be utilized. Secondly, MHADA also cannot develop their dilapidated buildings because of CRZ. In its project at Gorai, which was financed by the world bank, the authority took seven years to clear the land and allowed construction.
After the gates opened for the FDI in real estate in India, it is eminent that these norms are relaxed. The need for the extra land is always hitting the city of Mumbai very hard, but the CRZ is restricting the development on its existing land.
Entire Dharavi is on the bank of MITHI River. And most of the parts are falling under CRZ. With the help of Prime Minister’s funds, Asia’s largest slum was started for redevelopment and ratification. The question arises, whether the re-development of Asia’s largest slum will be left with out imposing the CRZ?
Agency which is empowered to control Coastal Regulation Zone.
· COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY.
· URBAN DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT GOVERNMENT OF MAHARASHTRA.
The activities which are affected due to Coastal Regulation Zone:
· REDEVELOPMENT OF SLUMS IN CRZ II and III.
· DEVELOPMENT OF Dilapidated BUILDINGS IN CRZ II.
By Pallavi Khanna