By Accommodation Times News Services
There are few new definitions defined under new and Revised Draft Development Control Regulation of Greater Mumbai. Read on :
“Addition and/or alteration” means change from one occupancy to another, or a structural change, such as addition to the area or height, or the removal of part of a building, or a change to the structure, such as the construction or cutting into or removal of any wall or part of a wall, partition, column, beam, joist, floor including a mezzanine floor or other support, or a change to or closing of any required means of ingress or egress, or change to fixtures or equipment, as provided in these Regulations.
“Advertising sign” means any surface or structure with characters, letter or illustrations applied thereto and displayed in any manner whatsoever out of doors for the purpose of advertising or giving information regarding or to attract the public to any place, person, public performance, article or merchandise, and which surface or structure is attached to, forms part of, or is connected with any building, or is fixed to a tree, or to the ground or to any pole, screen, fence or hoarding or displayed in space or in or over any water body included in the limits of Greater Mumbai i.e. Island City, Suburbs or extended Suburbs as defined in section 3 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888, and area specified in Part II to IV of Schedule `A` to the Greater Mumbai Laws and Mumbai High Court (Declaration of Limits) Act,1945
“Air-conditioning” means the process of treating air to control simultaneously its temperature, humidity, cleanliness and distribution to meet the requirement of an enclosed space.
“Alcove” means a cooking place with direct access from the main room without a communicating door.
“Amenity Space” means space for public amenities such as Recreational Open Spaces, Markets, Welfare Centres, Adhar Kendras, Police Chowkies, Public Sanitary Conveniences, Municipal Library, Reading Rooms, Gymkhanas/Gymnasium, Municipal Chowkies, Shelter for Destitutes, Multi-purpose Housing for Working women, Homeless Shelters, Old Age Homes, Pumping Stations, Citizen Facility Centres, Municipal Dispensaries, Schools, Facility for Solid Waste Management, Fire Station, Fuel Stations, Electric Sub Station, etc. either for single facility or for multiple facilities as specified in these Regulations.
“Balcony” means a horizontal projection, including a parapet, hand-rail balustrade, to serve as a passage or sitting out place.
“Building” means a structure, constructed with any materials whatsoever for any purpose, whether used for human habitation or not, and includes-
(i) Foundation, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing and building services, fixed platforms;
(ii) Verandahs, balconies, cornices, projections;
(iii) part of a building or anything affixed thereto;
(iv) any wall enclosing or intended to enclose any land or space, signs and outdoor display structures;
(v) tanks constructed for storage of chemicals or chemicals in liquid form;
(vi) all types of buildings defined in (a) to (q) below; but tents, shamianas and tarpaulin shelters erected for temporary purposes for ceremonial occasions, with the permission of the Commissioner, shall not be considered to be “buildings”.
(a) “Assembly building” means a building or part thereof where groups of people congregate or gather for amusement, recreation, social, religious, patriotic, civil, travel and similar purposes. “Assembly buildings” include buildings of drama and cinema theatres, drive-in-theatres, assembly halls, city halls, town halls, auditoria, exhibition halls, museums, mangal karyalayas, skating rinks, gymnasia, stadia, restaurants, eating or boarding houses, places of worship, dance halls, clubs, gymkhanas, malls, road, air, sea or other public transportation stations, and recreation piers.
(b) “Business building” means any building or part thereof used for transaction of business and/or keeping of accounts and record therefor; offices, banks, professional establishments, IT establishments, call centres, offices for private entrepreneur, court houses, provided their principal function is transaction of business and/or keeping of books and records.
(c) “Detached building” means a building with walls and roofs independent of any other building and with open spaces on all sides.
(d) “Educational building” means a building exclusively used for a school or college, recognised by the appropriate Board or University, or any other competent authority involving assembly for instruction, education or recreation incidental to educational use, and including a building for such other users incidental thereto such as a library or a research institution. It shall also include quarters for essential staff required to reside in the premises, and a building used as a hostel captive to an educational institution whether situated in its campus or not.
(e) “Hazardous building” means a building or part thereof used for-
(i) storage, handling, manufacture or processing of radioactive substances or of highly combustible or explosive materials or products which are liable to burn with extreme rapidity and/or producing poisonous fumes or explosive emanations;
(ii) storage, handling, manufacture or processing which involves highly corrosive, toxic or noxious alkalis, acids, or other liquids, gases or chemicals producing flame, fumes and explosive mixtures or which result in division of matter into fine particles capable of spontaneous ignition.
(f) “Industrial building” means a building or part thereof wherein products or material are fabricated, assembled or processed, such as assembly plants, laboratories, power plants, refineries, gas plants, mills, dairies and factories as approved and certified by the Development Commissioner (Industries).
(g) “Institutional building” means a building constructed or used by Government, Semi-Government organisations or registered Trusts or persons and used for education, health, research and such other activities, multi-purpose housing/hostel for working women/persons/students or for an auditorium or complex for cultural and allied activities or for an hospice, care of persons suffering from physical or mental illness, handicap, disease or infirmity care of orphans, abandoned women, children and infants, convalescents, destitute or aged persons and for penal or correctional detention with restricted liberty of the inmates ordinarily providing sleeping accommodation, and includes dharamshalas, hospitals, sanatoria, custodial and penal institutions such as jails, prisons, mental hospitals, houses of correction, detention and reformatories.
(h) “Mercantile building” means a building or part thereof used as shops, stores or markets for display and sale of wholesale or retail goods or merchandise, including office, storage and service facilities incidental thereto located in the same building.
(i) “Office building” (Premises), means a building or premises or part thereof whose sole or principal use is for an office or for office purposes or clerical work. “Office purposes” includes the purpose of administration, clerical work, handling money, telephone, telegraph and computer operation and such other activities; and “clerical work” includes writing, book-keeping, sorting papers, typing, filing, duplicating, data processing, drawing of matter for publication and editorial preparation of matter for publication and such other activities.
(j) “Public Building” means a building used or intended to be used either ordinarily or occasionally by the public such as;
i.offices of Central or State Government or any Public Sector Undertaking or Statutory Authority or Local Authorities.
ii.temple, mosque, church, chapel, or any place of public worship.
iii. public or private college, school, library, or places of educational facilities.
iv.cinema, public concert hall, drama theatre, auditorium, sports complex, sports facility,
theater for cultural activities.
v. public hall, welfare centre, exhibition hall, or any other place of assembly.
vi.hospital, maternity home etc. or any other place of medical facility.
vii. market, shopping centre, departmental store or mall with or without multiplex or any other place of retail merchandise.
viii.railway station, metro/mono rail station, bus station, airport or any other public transport terminal.
ix. public or private hospital
(k) “Residential building” means a building in which sleeping accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes, with or without cooking or dining facilities, and includes one or more family dwellings, lodging or rooming houses, hostels, dormitories, apartment houses, flats, and private garages of such buildings.
(l)”Semi-detached building” means a building detached on three sides.
(m) “Special building” means-
(i) a building solely used for the purpose of a drama or cinema theatre, a drive-in-theatre, an assembly hall or auditorium, an exhibition hall, theatre museum, a stadium, a “Mangal Karyalaya”, exceeding built-up area of 1000 sq. m. or where the built-up area of such a user exceeds 1000 sq.m. in the case of mixed occupancies;
(ii) an industrial building;
(iii) a hazardous building;
(iv) a building of wholesale establishment;
(v) Educational, Institutional and residential hotel building or centrally air-conditioned building which exceeds
(a) 15m in height, or
(b) a total built-up area of 1000 sq. m.
(n) “Storage building” means a building or part thereof used primarily for storage or shelter of goods, wares or merchandise, warehouse, cold storage, freight depot, transit shed, store house, public garage hangar, truck terminal, grain elevator and barn.
(o) “Temporary Building/structure” means any building/structure of whatever size and of whatever material which the Commissioner has allowed to be built as a temporary measure.
(p) “Unsafe building” means a building which-
(i) is structurally unsafe,
(ii) is insanitary,
(iii) is not provided with adequate means of egress,
(iv) constitutes a fire hazard,
(v) is dangerous to human life,
(vi) in relation to its existing use, constitutes a hazard to safety or health or public welfare by reasons of inadequate maintenance, dilapidation or abandonment.
(q) “Wholesale establishment” means an establishment wholly or partly engaged in wholesale trade and manufacturers wholesale outlets, including related storage facilities, warehouses and establishments engaged in truck transport, including truck transport booking agencies.
(18)”Building line” means the line up to which the plinth of a building extends in any development.
(19)”Built-up area” means the area covered by a building on all floors including cantilevered portion, if any, but excluding the areas specifically exempted under these Regulations for the purpose of computation of FSI.
(20)”Cabin” means a non-residential enclosure constructed of non-load bearing partitions.
(21)“Canopy” means a cantilevered projection over any building entrance.
“Carpet area” means the net usable floor area of a unit within a building excluding that covered by the walls or any other areas specifically exempted from floor space index computation in these Regulations.
“Garage-Private” means a building or a portion thereof designed and used for the parking of vehicles.
“Garage-Public” means a building or portion thereof, designed other than as a private garage, operated for gain, designed and/or used for repairing, servicing, hiring, selling or storing or parking motor-driven or other vehicles.
“Habitable room” means a room occupied or designed for occupancy for human habitation and uses incidental thereto, including a kitchen if used as a living room, but excluding a bath-room water closet compartment, laundry, serving and storing pantry, corridor, cellar, attic, store-room, pooja-room and spaces not frequently used.
“Height of a building” means the vertical distance measured, in the case of flat roofs, from the average level of the ground around and contiguous to the building to the top of terrace level and, in the case of pitched roofs, up to the point where the external surface of the outer wall intersects the finished surface of the sloping roof, and, in the case of gables facing the road, the mid-point between the eaves level and the ridge.
“Height of a room” means the vertical distance measured, from the finished floor surface to the finished ceiling/soffit of slab. The height of a room with a pitched roof means the average height between the finished floor surface and the bottom of the eaves and the bottom of the ridge.
“High Rise Building” means a building having height more than 30 m.
“Home occupation” means customary services provided to the general public other than that of eating or a drinking place, by a member of the family residing on the premises without employing hired labour, and for which there is no display to indicate from the exterior of the building that it is being utilised in whole or in part for any purpose other than a residential or dwelling use, and in connection with which no article or service is sold or exhibited for sale except that which is produced therein, which shall be non-hazardous and not affecting the safety of the inhabitants of the building and the neighborhood, and provided that no mechanical equipment is used except that as is customarily used for purely domestic or household purposes and/or employing licensable goods. If motive power is used, the total electricity load should not exceed 0.75 KW. “Home Occupation” may also include such similar occupations as may be specified by the Commissioner and subject to such terms and conditions as may be prescribed.
“Non-Conforming User” means any lawful use/building existed on the site but which does not conform to the zoning shown in the Development Plan.
“Occupancy” or “Use” means the principal occupancy or use for which a building or a part of it is used or intended to be used, including contingent subsidiary occupancies; mixed occupancy buildings being those in which more than one occupancy are present in-different portions of the buildings.
“Parking space,” means an enclosed or unenclosed, covered or open area or area provided by mechanical means sufficient in size to park vehicles. Parking spaces shall be served by a driveway connecting them with a street or alley and permitting ingress or egress of vehicles.
There are in all 120 definitions, most of which are elaborated and confusing which inviting interpretation according to whims and Fancies of sanctioning authorities.