Parking Provisions in new Development Control Regulations (DCR) 2034

car parking

By Accommodation Times News Service

With making new provisions in the Development Control Regulation (DCR) of the Development Plan 2034, Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) will soon provide parking lots and will fix charges for parking and the penalties for illegal parking as per the demand of the area and the ready reckoner rates. The new DCR has mandated independent ‘Parking Authority’ which will regulate on street parking and public parking in the city.

As per the provisions in Chapter X of the DCR in DP 2034, under ‘Parking Authority’, the DCR states: “BMC, in consultation with government of Maharashtra, shall constitute a Parking Authority at the BMC level to plan, regulate and manage all on street parking and public parking places under the physical jurisdiction of Greater Mumbai. The constituted Parking Authority, inter alia, will fix and promulgate parking fees as well as penalties for various areas/zones in BMC.”

Currently, there are parking lots made available in the city by railways, MMRDA and the BMC along with private parking lots. However, there is no co-ordination amongst them. The new Parking Authority, which will be under the BMC, will not only fix the confusion over the regulating the parking lots, but also decide on the parking fees and penalties. “If all the parking lots are regulated by one single authority then such planning will be easier for the civic body to co-ordinate between all the parking lots,” said municipal commissioner Ajoy Mehta.

 

Parking Spaces

Wherever a property is developed or redeveloped, parking spaces at the scale laid down in these Regulations shall be provided. When additions are made to an existing building, the new parking requirement will be reckoned with reference to the additional space only and not to the whole of the building but this concession shall not apply where the use is changed.

(1) General Space Requirement-

(i) Types-The parking spaces mentioned below include parking spaces in basements, parking floor, and podium or on a floor supported by stilts, or on upper floors, covered or uncovered spaces in the plot.

(ii) Size of Parking Space-The minimum sizes of parking spaces to be provided shall be as shown below-

 

 

Type of Vehicle                                                                            Minimum size/ Area of parking space

(a) Motor vehicle 2.5 m x 5.5 m                                                               2.5 m x 5.5 m

(b) Scooter, Motor-cycle                                                      3 sq. m (Least dimension shall be minimum 1.2 m)

(c) Bicycle                                                                                                     1.4 sq. m

(d) Transport Vehicle                                                                                 3.75 m x 7.5 m

 

 

Note- In the case of parking spaces for motor vehicles, up to 50 per cent of the prescribed space may be of the size of 2.3 m x 4.5 m.

(iii) Marking of Parking Spaces-Parking spaces shall be paved and clearly marked for different types of vehicles.

(iv) Maneuvering and other ancillary spaces- Off-street parking space must have adequate vehicular access to a street, and the area shall be exclusive of drives, aisles and such other provisions required for adequate maneuvering of vehicles.

(v) Ramps for Basement Parking-Ramps for parking in basements shall conform to the requirements of sub-regulations (18) of Regulation 37.

(2) Quantitative Requirements- Four wheeled auto-vehicles-Parking spaces for four wheeled auto vehicles shall be provided as in Table No 21 below, any fractional space of more than half resulting from the ratios in column (3) thereof being rounded off upward to the nearest integer.

Table No 21

Off Street Parking Spaces

Sr. No

(1)

Occupancy
(2)
Parking Space Required
(3)
1 (i)Residential In island city areas, Suburbs and Extended Suburbs

 

One parking space for every.

a) 4 tenements having carpet area up to 45 sq. m each.

b) 2 tenements with carpet area exceeding 45 sq. m but not exceeding 60 sq. m each.

Provided further that in case of (a) & (b), at the option of owner/developer, may provide one parking for each tenement.

c) 1 tenement with carpet area exceeding 60 sq. m but not exceeding 90 sq. m

d) 1/2 tenement with carpet area exceeding 90 sq. m

In addition to the parking spaces specified in (a), (b), (c) & (d) above, parking for visitors shall be provided to the extent of 25 per cent of the number stipulated above, subject to minimum of one.

Provided that for the redevelopment under Regulation 33(5), 33(6), 33(7), 33(9), 33(10) 33(10)(A),33(11)(A),33(15) & 33(20)(A) the parking shall be as follows.

One parking space for every.

a) 8 tenements having carpet area upto 45 sq. m each

b) 4 tenements with carpet area exceeding 45 sq. m. but not exceeding 60 sq. m each

c) 2 tenements with carpet area exceeding 60 sq. m but not exceeding 90 sq. m each.

d) 1 tenement with carpet area exceeding 90 sq. m

 

 

     

In addition to the parking spaces specified in (a), (b), (c) & (d) above, parking spaces for visitors shall be provided to the extent of 25 per cent of the number stipulated above, subject to minimum of one

 

   

(ii)For five, four and three star hotels. For all starred category hotels

 

 

One parking space for every 75 sq. m of total floor area.

 

   

(iii)For lodging establishments

 

 

One parking space for every 120 sq. m of total floor area of a lodging establishment.

 

   

iv) For Hotels

 

 

One parking space for every 75 sq. m of total floor area of a lodging establishment

b) For hotels and eating houses, one parking space for every 30 sq. m of restaurant including hall, dining room, pantry & bar

 

2  

Educational

 

 

One Parking space for 35 sq. m carpet area of the administrative office area and public service area.

 

3  

Assembly and assembly halls or auditorium (including those for educational uses and hostels)

 

 

a) One parking space for 12 seats / persons.

b) Without fixed seats, one parking space for every 15 sq. m of floor area.

c) For canteen, bar and restaurant additional parking required under these Regulations for other permissible users as per provisions made herein for such purposes shall be provided.

 

4  

Government or semi-public or private office business buildings

 

 

One parking space for every 37.5 sq. m of office space up to 1500 sq. m and for every 75 sq. m of additional space for areas exceeding 1500 sq. m in other areas.

 

5  

Mercantile (Markets, Departmental stores, Shops and other commercial uses).(I.T.Parks)

 

 

One parking space for every 40 sq. m of floor area up to 800 sq. m and one parking space for every 80 sq. m of space for areas exceeding 800 sq. m provided that no parking space need to be provided for floor area up to 50 sq. m

 

6 Industrial  

One Parking space for every 150 sq. m thereof subject to a minimum of two spaces

 

7 Storage  

One Parking space for every 150 sq. m thereof subject to a minimum of two spaces

 

8  

Hospitals and Medical Institutions

 

 

One parking space for every 150 sq. m of total floor area, except that it would be one parking space for every 600 sq. m of the total floor area in the case of Govt. and Municipal hospitals and Medical institutions. In addition, one  parking space for ambulance parking measuring 10 m x 4 m for hospitals or medical institutions with bed strength of 100 or more.

 

9  

Cinemas and theatres

 

 

Parking spaces equivalent to eight per cent of the total number of seats with additional parking as otherwise also required for other permissible users in conjunction with that of cinema/theatre.

 

10  

Shopping/Convenience Shopping (not included under Mercantile Occupancy)

 

 

One parking space for every 150 sq. m of total floor area in the case of shopping user with each shop up to 20 sq. m in area and one parking space for every 50 sq. m of total floor area for shops each over 20 sq. m area.

 

11  

Stadia and Clubs (included under Assembly Occupancy)

 

 

One parking space for every 100 seats plus additional parking as in these Regulations for occupancies like those of restaurants, etc. within such stadia or clubs

 

     

Note:

(i) In gaothan/koliwada/Adivasi pada areas and on narrow plots up to 9 m in width, the requirement of parking spaces may not be insisted upon.

(ii) The provision of parking spaces in case of redevelopment schemes under DCR 33(5), 33(6), 33(7), 33(9), 33(10), 33(10)(A),33(11)(A),33(15) & 33(20)(A) where sale component is proposed in separate building or in case of non-composite building, may be allowed as per the regular development.

(3) Other vehicles-For all non-residential, assembly and non-assembly occupancies, 10 per cent additional parking spaces, subject to a minimum of two spaces shall be provided in addition to what is prescribed in these Regulations.

(4) Two wheeled motor cycle; – Two wheeled motor cycle parking space one for every two residential tenements may be provided. For other occupancies, two wheeled motor cycle parking space equal to the required number of four wheeled parking spaces may be provided. If such parking for two wheeled motor cycle is proposed, the same may be distinctly shown in the plan.

(5) Transport Vehicles- In addition to the parking spaces provided for mercantile (commercial) buildings like offices, markets, departmental stores and for industrial and storage buildings, parking spaces for transport vehicles shall be provided at the rate of one space for each 2000 sq. m of floor area or part thereof exceeding the first 400 sq. m of floor area. The space shall not be less than 3.75 m x 7.5 m in size and more than 6 spaces need not be insisted upon.

(6) Parking Spaces: Where to be accommodated-The parking spaces including mechanical/automated may be provided-

(a) Underneath the building, in basements, podiums, within its stilted portion, or on upper parking floors or in separate structures if exclusively used for parking.

Note:

(i) The deck parking inclusive of car lifts & passages thereto shall be counted in FSI.

(ii) Additional parking spaces beyond the parking spaces as stipulated in this regulation at the option of developer is proposed then the construction area for the additional parking to the extent of 25% shall be allowed on payment of premium at the rate of 25% of ASR of open land (for FSI 1), beyond 25% and up to 50% on payment of premium at the rate of 50% of ASR of open land (for FSI 1) and beyond 50% on payment of premium at the rate of 100% of ASR of open land (for FSI 1). For this purpose maximum area of construction per car parking space shall be considered at 25 sq. m excluding the area required effective maneuvering ,passages ,slopes/ramps columns, car lifts etc. and 40 sq. m including excluding the area required effective maneuvering ,passages ,slopes/ramps columns, car lifts etc.

(iii) Where entire parking is proposed by mechanical/automatic means, additional parking to the extent of 10% of the required parking shall be permitted free of FSI as vehicle holding area.

(b) in the side and rear open spaces, but not in the amenity open spaces, if-(i.) they are unenclosed but uncovered except as provided in (d) below; (ii.) they do not consume more than 50 percent of the open space; (iii) a minimum distance of 3 m around the building is kept free of parking for proper maneuverability of vehicles; (iv) they are atleast 7.5 m from the road boundary in case of detached covered garages; (v) the parking layouts meet the requirements of the Chief Fire Officer in the case of multi- storeyed, high rise and special buildings.

(c) In a residential zone, beyond the compulsory side and rear open spaces stipulated in sub-regulation 2 of Regulation 26, if other conditions under sub-rule (b) above are satisfied. Here the parking space may be an unenclosed covered space.

(d) in a residential zone and a residential zone with shop line, with covered parking garages with open type enclosures of a size of 2.5 m x 5.5 m with a height of 2.75 m above ground level, at the rate of one covered garage for every 400 sq. m or part thereof of plot area, in side or rear open spaces, at a distance of not less than 7.5 m from any street line or the front boundary of the plot:

Provided that the same is 1.5 m from the building and the condition in (b) (v) above is complied with.

(7) Cinemas, Theatres and Assembly Halls-Subject to the provisions of sub regulation (5) above, in sites of cinemas, theatres, auditoria and assembly halls, one row of uncovered parking may be allowed in the front margin space of 12 m or more, if the clear vehicular access way is not reduced to less than 6 m

(8) Common Parking Space-If the total parking space required by these Regulations is provided by a group of adjoining property owners for their mutual benefit, such use of this space may be construed as meeting the off-street parking requirements under these Regulations subject to the approval of the Commissioner. If such common parking space is proposed for a group of buildings, the owners of such buildings shall submit a parking layout thereof and also a registered undertaking stating that the area earmarked for the parking space will not be built upon.





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