Population in Slum Areas

By A T Bureau
As per estimates of the Committee set up by Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation under the Chairmanship of Dr. Pranob Sen, Principal Adviser, Planning Commission (former Secretary, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, and Chief Statistician, Government of India) the slum population in the country is expected to touch 93.06 million by 2011. A comparative picture of the Estimated Slum Population by the Committee and the Slum Population reported by Census 2001 is as follows:
RGI
Estimated by Committee on Slums (CoS)

Slum Population in the Country (in 2001)

52.4 million*

* These figures are for 1743 towns having population 20,000 and above reporting slum
(a)
75.26 million*

* These figures are for all 5161 cities/towns in the country

% of Slum Population in total urban population of cities/towns enumerated in 2001

23.50%

26.31%

Projected Slum Population in the Country (in 2011)

NA

93.06 million

As per CoS estimates, the slum population constituted 26.31 % of the urban population of the country in 2001.

Under the Basic Services for the Urban Poor (BSUP) and the Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) components of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) 9, 19,728 dwelling units have been sanctioned for urban poor during last four years with the details as annexed.

Surveys are undertaken at city and slum level during inspection of projects by various agencies, including third party inspection and monitoring agencies from time to time in connection with ascertaining quality in implementation and obtaining the view of beneficiaries. The overall outcome is found to be satisfactory.

The mid-term appraisal of the 11th Five Year Plan which includes JNNURM has also revealed that BSUP and IHSDP have made positive impact on ground and raised the aspiration of the people, including slum-dwellers. It has also revealed that much of the investment has been directed towards the provision of critical basic services that are essential to inclusiveness.

Annexure
Scheme
BSUP
IHSDP
Total

2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11

No. of projects sanctioned
113
186
14
6
223
406
118
34
1100

Total Project cost sanctioned
7620.85
7672.75
1400.34
1622.32
2066.55
4390.78
999.65
582.28
26355.52

Total Additional Central Assistance (ACA) approved
3840.95
3920.61
716.70
762.56
1446.72
2938.61
618.89
359.85
14604.89

No. of dwelling units approved
283164
196404
29105
32194
113390
196883
46655
21933
919728





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