Accommodation Times News Services
Power crises are not new in the country. Per capita power consumption in India is still very low compared to other countries. During 2010-2011, base load requirement was 861, 591 million units against availability of 788, 355 million units, which means the power shortage of 8.5 per cent according to the Central Electricity Authority, Ministry of Power. One to the country’s economic rise and population growth is at an average of 3.6 per cent over the past 30 years. As per the state wise data on annual per capita electricity consumption in the country for the year 2009-10, Dadra and Nagar Haveli has the highest per capita electricity consumption in the country at 11, 863.64 kwh while Bihar has the lowest at 122.11 kwh. Power shortage is increasingly growing at much faster rates until investment and capacity cannot be increased. To meet the shortfall in power production companies use power back up units, which ultimately increase their cost escalation was observed in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Odisha, where cost escalation reached beyond 30 per cent. Apart from power shortage in all most all states, the age old out dated system of power distribution is one of the main cause for the chronic shortage for power. Overhead wires dangling to carry the electricity in towns and inept handling of the situation in making the power shortage more pronounced in the country. A case in point is of Mathura refinery, which produces enough power for the city, offered electricity to the local electric supply company, was refused payment for it resulting the electricity generated in Mathura (U.P.) was given to Rajasthan. Another major problem is of non payment of electricity dues by peoples in all most all cities in the country. The recent chaos in Delhi when the city was in darkness, is the case to study. The unjust and haphazard distribution system and over billing by the callous staff members of the electric supply companies are responsible for the darkness in Delhi households. Voltage fluctuations is daily happening in smaller cities over 64 per cent of the firms feel that erratic power supply affects their competitiveness in the international and domestic markets. Sectors found to be more affected are diamond processing, textile and apparels, IT enabled services and trading units. In Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and west Bengal, more than 70 per cent of the firms were willing to pay extra amount for quality power supply. The national government must make a comprehensive plan and execute it to ensure quality power supply.