By Accommodation Times Research
Pune requires atleast 25 Lakhs more homes to house its growing population as identified by Regional Plan Pune 2041. The population projected for Pune city by 2041 is 8.59 million which will be more than double the existing population. Population density has increased from 10405.28 persons/ Sq.Km in 2001 to 12,777 persons/ Sq.Km in 2011. Population densities especially in the core areas are very high. In-migration of Pune city has increased from 3.7 Lakhs in 2001 to 6.6 Lakhs migrants in 2011 purporting 14% and 21% of the total population, putting pressure on the infrastructure of the city. Better empolyment opportunities will further accentuate the in-migration. The migrant population is likely to increase the demand for housing, particularly for EWS/low income groups (LIG), if housing for these groups is not planned, slums are likely to increase.
With the IT sector growing over the last few years, more and more industries are coming to Pune. This has resulted in a rise in population which in turn has led to more construction projects coming up. Lack of proper planning increases encroachments on hill tops and slopes and illegal constructions on agricultural land. The population pressure due to increasing migration in PMR has led to the haphazard development and varied infrastructure growth and has a major impact on the growth of Pune City.
Cities attract a great number of in-migrants; this poor immigrant population is homeless who are forced to live in slums predominantly located in marginal areas having substandard living. Slums are the first stopping point for poor immigrants belonging to lower strata; as these provide the low cost and the only affordable housing whereby, enabling such immigrants to eventually get absorbed into urban society. Squatting is mostly believed to be encroachment of government land. Squatters are viewed as families unable to afford housing through rent or ownership in the private formal housing market or through the housing agency as per their preferred location, and who can usually only afford to rent rooms and shacks. Slums, being the place of residence for low-income employees, who are vital for city’s life as they make the city moving, in many different ways. Hence, this section of the revised city development plan of Pune will deal with the problems and issues related to slums and slum dwellers that need to be addressed, in the light of JNNURM guide lines.
Besides migration, the city has young population of students who are pursuing studies in various institutions. The jobs and settlements are happening because the city is absorbing young talent and employing them.